CAPITAL: Sofia (Sofiya)
FLAG: The flag is a tricolor of white, green, and red horizontal stripes
MONETARY UNIT: The lev (lv) of 100 stotinki has coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, and 50 stotinki and 1 and 2 leva, and notes of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100 leva.
WEIGHTS AND MEASURES: The metric system is the legal standard.
HOLIDAYS: New Year's Day, 1 January; Labor Days, 1–2 May; Education and Culture Day, 24 May; Christmas, 24–25 December.
TIME: 2 pm=noon GMT.
LOCATION, SIZE, AND EXTENT
Part of the Balkan Peninsula, Bulgaria has an area of 110,910 sq km, and extends 330 km n–s and 520 km e–w. Comparatively, the area occupied by Bulgaria is slightly larger than the state of Tennessee. Bulgaria is bounded on the north by Romania, on the east by the Black Sea, on the south-east by Turkey, on the south by Greece, and on the west by Macedonia and Serbia, with a total boundary length of 1,808 km.
Bulgaria's capital city, Sofia, is located in the west central part of the country.
Bulgaria lies along the southern margins of the continental climate of Central and Eastern Europe. Regional climatic differences occur in the Danubian tableland, exposed to cold winter winds from the north, and the Thracian Plain, which has a modified Mediterranean climate and is protected by the Balkan Mountains against the northern frosts. January temperatures are between 0° and 2°c in the lowlands but colder in the mountains; July temperatures average about 22° to 24°c. Precipitation is fairly regularly distributed throughout the year and amounts to an average of 64 cm.
The population of Bulgaria in 2005 was estimated by the United Nations (UN) at 7,741,000, which placed it at number 94 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In 2005, approximately 17% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 14% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 94 males for every 100 females in the country. According to the UN, the annual population rate of change for 2005–10 was expected to be -0.5%, a rate the government viewed as too low. With one of the lowest fertility rates in the world, Bulgaria has experience population declines since 1990. The projected population for the year 2025 was 6,565,000. The population density was 70 per sq km.